Emergency Management

The 4 Rís for Emergency Management

Reduction = Mitigation

Reduction/Mitigation efforts attempt to prevent hazards from developing into disasters altogether, or to reduce the effects of disasters when they occur. The mitigation phase differs from the other phases because it focuses on long-term measures for reducing or eliminating risk.

Readiness = Preparedness

In the preparedness phase, emergency managers develop plans of action for when the disaster strikes. Common preparedness measures include the following:

  • communication plans with easily understandable terminology and chain of command
  • development and practice of multi-agency coordination and incident command
  • proper maintenance and training of emergency services
  • development and exercise of emergency population warning methods combined with emergency shelters and evacuation plans
  • stockpiling, inventory, and maintenance of supplies and equipment

  • Response

    The response phase includes the mobilization of the necessary emergency services and first responders in the disaster area. This is likely to include a first wave of core emergency services, such as firefighters, police and ambulance crews. They may be supported by a number of secondary emergency services, such as specialist rescue teams.


    The aim of the recovery phase is to restore the affected area to its previous state. It differs from the response phase in its focus; recovery efforts are concerned with issues and decisions that must be made after immediate needs are addressed. Recovery efforts are primarily concerned with actions that involve rebuilding destroyed property, re-employment, and the repair of other essential infrastructure.

    mission statement

    "Hands 4 Hope is a non-profit organization focused on disaster relief to help aid people suffering from natural and accidental disasters. We collect aid in the form of monetary, clothing household goods and food donations to help those directly affected by a disaster."